Mexico’s National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, INEGI) reported that there were 22,732 homicides in 2013, or 19 per 100,000 residents, a 12% decrease from 2012. This closely reflects the estimate put forth in Justice in Mexico’s April 2014 “Drug Violence in Mexico” report, in which it was estimated that INEGI would report between 22,000 and 24,000 homicides for 2013. The number of homicides varied widely across states, with four states (State of Mexico, Guerrero, Chihuahua, Jalisco and Sinaloa) and the Federal District (Distrito Federal, DF) accounting for more than half of all homicides nationwide. Guerrero had the highest murder rate among Mexican states, with 63 per 100,000 residents, while Chihuahua followed closely, with 59 per 100,000. States registering at least 10 homicides per 100,000 residents declined or stayed relatively level from 2012, with the notable exception of Baja California, which jumped from 17 to 23. Sonora, another northern border-state, increased from 19 to 23 homicides per 100,000 residents.
Click here to read the full Justice in Mexico’s 2014 “Drug Violence in Mexico” report.
To read INEGI’s press release click here.
Justice in Mexico’s Coordinator Octavio Rodriguez gave his expert input to Fox News about the Mexican criminal justice system in relation to the case of U.S. Marine Sgt. Andrew Tahomooressi arrested and imprisoned in Mexico. Sgt. Tahomooressi was arrested on March 31 in possession of 3 firearms and more than 400 rounds of ammo.
Read the full story here.
The Justice in Mexico Project (JMP) based at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of San Diego is pleased to announce the publication of “Drug Violence in Mexico: Data and Analysis Through 2013.” Thanks to the generous funding of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, this is the project’s fifth annual report providing a detailed analysis of the problem of crime and violence in Mexico, which has been a major preoccupation for both policymakers and ordinary people in Mexico, as well as a shared concern for the U.S. government and its citizens. Justice in Mexico’s annual reports have compiled the latest available data and analysis to evaluate problems of crime and violence related to drug trafficking and organized crime in Mexico. These reports are especially intended to inform a U.S. and English language audience, since international news media coverage of Mexico tends to be fleeting and gravitates toward sporadic, sensationalistic incidents rather than the analysis of broader issues and longer-term trends.
This year’s study builds on past findings and seeks to provide new insights into Mexico’s recent security situation. The authors draw on the latest available data from multiple sources, with a primary emphasis on the first year in office for Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018). In contrast to his predecessor, Felipe Calderón (2006-2012), President Peña Nieto appeared to deliberately downplay Mexico’s security problems, as well as his administration’s efforts to address them during the last year. However, as the authors discuss, crime and violence associated with organized crime remains a very serious problem in Mexico. Despite some definitive and much needed improvements in certain parts of the country, the overall security situation in Mexico remains much worse today than a decade ago and major improvements are still urgently needed.
The report is broken down into four sections: (1) Why violence in Mexico matters; (2) “Drug violence”: definitions, data, and methodologies; (3) Findings: drug violence in Mexico; and (4) Analysis and developments in 2013. Some of the study’s most important results and conclusions include that the total number of homicides in Mexico appears to have declined by 15% in 2013, although rates of kidnapping and extortion have significantly increased. It also found that between one third and two thirds of all homicides in Mexico in 2013 were attributed to organized crime groups, and that less violence in Mexico’s northern states have increased the spotlight on Pacific coastal states. The report looks at the Peña Nieto administration’s achievements and preoccupations since taking office in 2012, including an analysis of the government’s continued kingpin strategy, use of the military in the security strategy, and the current challenge of the dynamic situation in the state of Michoacán involving official forces, organized crime groups, and self-defense groups (grupos de autodefensa).
“Drug Violence in Mexico: Data and Analysis Through 2013” was co-authored by Kimberly Heinle, Octavio Rodríguez Ferreira, and David A. Shirk.
To read the full report, click here.
The Justice in Mexico Project and the Mexico Institute presented their joint publication, “Building Resilient Communities in Mexico: Civic Responses to Crime and Violence,” on March 27 at the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Mexico Institute in Washington, D.C. The presentation featured a panel of the book’s editors and authors, including Mexico Institute Director Duncan Wood, JMP Director David Shirk, SUNY Albany Professor Matthew Ingram, University of San Diego Professor Emily Edmonds-Poli, InSight Co-director Steven Dudley, JMP Project Coordinator Octavio Rodriguez, and Senior Advisor at Social Impact Daniel Sabet.
Watch the full presentation, including a question and answer session with members of the audience.
Read the on-line version of “Building Resilient Communities in Mexico: Civic Responses to Crime and Violence,” or a brief summary of the publication.