2019 Organized Crime and Violence in Mexico Report

 

Download the full report here  

 

04/30/19- Justice in Mexico, a research-based program at the University of San Diego, released its 2019 report on Organized Crime and Violence in Mexico, co-authored by Laura Calderón, Kimberly Heinle, Octavio Rodríguez Ferreira, and David A. Shirk. This report analyzes the latest available data to broadly assess the current state of violence, organized crime, and human rights in Mexico. The tenth edition in a series is published under a new title to reflect the gradual shift that has occurred to the restructuring illicit drug trade and the rise of new organized crime groups.

In 2018, Mexico saw record violence with 28,816 homicide cases and 33,341 victims reported by the Mexican National Security System (Sistema Nacional de Seguridad Pública, SNSP). This reflects the continued augmentation in violent crime in Mexico for more than a decade with a notable increase in the last few years. The homicide rate has dramatically escalated from 16.9 murders per 100,000 inhabitants in 2015 as reported to UNODC to 27.3 per 100,000 in 2018 based on SNSP figures. In this and past reports, the authors attribute much of the violence, between a third to a half, to the presence of organized crime groups, particularly drug trafficking organizations.

According to the report, violence has become more pervasive throughout the country but remains highly concentrated in a few specific areas, especially in the major drug trafficking zones located in the northwest and the Pacific Coast. The top ten most violent municipalities in Mexico accounted for 33.6% of all homicides in Mexico in 2018, with 24.7% concentrated in the top five: Tijuana (2,246), Ciudad Juárez (1,004), Acapulco (839), Cancún-Benito Juárez (537), Culiacán (500).

 

 

Tijuana’s rate of 115 homicide cases per 100,000 inhabitants ranks second to Acapulco’s rate of 127 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. According to Baja California State’s Secretary of Public Security (SSP) reporting, Tijuana saw a significant increase in 2018 of 41% victims up from 2017.

The authors have found that Mexican organized crime groups have become more fragmented, decentralized, and diversified in their activities. Notably, violence in the Mexican state of Guanajuato appears to have risen due to the increased presence of the Santa Rosa de Lima Cartel and an increase in the prevalence of petroleum theft (huichicol). At least nine municipalities in Guanajuato had a murder rate of more than 100 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

Record violence in Mexico has disproportionally affected certain populations (e.g. politicians, journalist, and men). In 2018, a major election year, there were 37 victims among mayors, mayoral candidates, and former-mayors. These numbers are up slightly from 35 cases in 2017 but demonstrate a significant increase from 14 victims in 2015 and 6 victims in 2016. A 2018 Justice in Mexico study found that in recent years Mexican journalists were at least three times more likely to be murdered than the general population, while mayors were at least nine times more likely. There were 16 journalists and media workers that were killed in 2018. Additionally, the report finds that men are 8.3 times more likely to be homicide victims than women, with 28,522 male homicide victims.

All told, the authors of the report estimate that over 150,000 people were murdered during the six years of the Peña Nieto administration, the most homicides during any presidential term in recent Mexican history. The current Lopez Obrador administration has proposed a new security agenda centered on citizen security, changes in federal law enforcement, and efforts to minimize tensions in U.S.-Mexican relations. Two of the most important measures that the new government has put forward are the creation of a autonomous federal prosecutor and a national guard.

 

 

Download the full report here

 

 

 

Mexican Mayor Gunned Down

Green Party Mayor Elect Rogelio Sánchez Galán on campaign in the weeks before he was gunned down. (Image: Proceso).

Green Party Mayor Elect Rogelio Sánchez Galán on campaign in the weeks before he was gunned down. (Image: Proc(Rogelio Sánchez Galán, the mayor-elect of the city of Jerécuaro in the central state of Guanajuato, was killed on Tuesday, June 23, 2015. The murder took place at around 8:00pm, near a bus stop. Multiple gunmen, who waited inside two different vehicles, shot Sánchez Galán (and two other men who accompanied him) to death; the victim’s assassins fled the crime scene. In response to the tragic incident, local and state prosecutors launched an investigation. However, at the time of this posting, the murderers of Sánchez Galán remained at large.

6/25/2015 (written by frodriguez) – Running as the candidate of the Mexican Ecológical Green Party (PVEM), Sánchez Galán had been elected mayor less than three weeks before he was killed. His term would have lasted from 2015 to 2018. He had previously served in the same position from 2009 to 2012, but serving as a candidate of the National Action Party (PAN). During his previous tenure as mayor, Sánchez Galán’s director of Public Security,  José Antonio García Jiménez, was ambushed and killed in April of 2011.

When he was passed over by his own party as candidate for a federal legislative position, Sánchez Galán joined the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), Mexico’s main leftist political party, which postulated him as a candidate  for the Mexican Chamber of Deputies in 2012.

The local PRD president, Baltasar Zamudio Cortes, noted that the assassination of Sánchez Galán reflects the social violence and organized crime that predominates in the state of the city of Jerécuaro, the state of Guanajuato. Zamudio Cortes also added: “This [the predominance of social violence by organized crime] is a reality that local authorities refuse to admit. We demand that those responsible for the death of Sánchez Galán be captured and punished”.

Sources:

http://archivo.eluniversal.com.mx/estados/2015/matan-a-edil-electo-en-guanajuato-1109570.html

http://www.eltiempo.com/mundo/latinoamerica/mexico-asesinan-a-un-alcalde-electo-de-guanajuato-y-a-sus-dos-asistentes-/15997495

http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2015/06/24/Mexican-mayor-gunned-down-at-bus-stop-weeks-after-winning-election/1711435158554

Article written by Fernando Rodriguez-Diaz, for Justice in Mexico Project at University of San Diego.