Juárez Chief of Police allegedly attacked by federal agents

Julian Leyzaola Pérez, the Secretary of Public Security in Ciudad Juárez. Photo Credit: El Universal

07/26/11 – The Secretary of Public Security (Secretaría de Seguridad Pública) of Ciudad Juárez, Julian Leyzaola Pérez, reported that he was attacked by Federal Police agents on Monday July 25 while on his way to assist in controlling a shootout that broke out in a Ciudad Juárez prison. Leyzaola stated that his attacked unit did not fire back and that, once the outside agents ceased fire, he left his car to ask them if they knew it was his unit they were attacking. He allegedly did not receive an answer. Leyzaola, who was riding in an armored vehicle, was not injured in the alleged attack.

This is the second attack against Leyzaola since he took office on March 10, 2011. On June 23, a group of suspected extortionists attacked his convoy. On that occasion, Leyzaola’s escort repelled the aggression and wounded one of the assailants, while the other fled on foot. Authorities detained López Valles in connection with the ambush and seized a gun and a weapon’s magazine at the scene, reported the El Paso Times. Leyzaola, the former chief of police in Tijuana, is famous not only for reducing the levels of crime in the border city while under his command, but also for the accusations against him of human rights violations during his tenure there.

The shooting on Monday occurred during an incident at the Center for Social Re-adaptation for Municipal Adults (Centro de Readaptación Social para Adultos Municipal, Cereso) where inmates in rooms 16 and 17 broke into the detention area to attack 13 other prisoners. Seventeen people, including one woman, were killed while 20 others were injured during what is believed to be a clash between rival gangs. Roughly 40 custodians rendered statements at the Attorney General’s Office (Fiscalía General del Estado en la Zona Norte) after the confrontation.

In response to the violent shootout, Ciudad Juárez Mayor Héctor Murguía announced that the control of the municipality prison will be ceded to the state and that the control of the state’s prison will pass to the federal level. Murguía said that because of the violence that exists within the prison system, various authorities readily agreed to the change of command, which is scheduled for November. He therefore cautioned that, in the months leading up to the change, it will be quite difficult to ensure peace within Cereso due to the overcrowding of prisoners, which is a general problem that plagues Mexico.

For more information on Leyzaola, read here and here.


Flores, Aileen B. “Juárez Police Chief Julian Leyzaola survives assassination attempt.” El Paso Times. June 24, 2011 

Cruz, Juan Manuel. “Denuncian presunto ataque a Leyzaola.” El Universal. July 26, 2011 

Cruz, Juan Manuel. “Riña en penal de Juárez deja 17 internos muertos.” El Universal. July 26, 2011 

Redacción. “Ceden penal de Juárez a Federación.” Reforma. July 26, 2011.

Seguro Popular to offer medical care to immigrants

7/25/11 – Seguro Popular, a government funded social program that addresses the health and wellness of Mexicans nationwide, announced on July 25 that it will now be providing access to free medical care, medicine, and specialized treatments for deported migrants for up to three months. Immigrants who are deported from the United States into Mexico often lack documentation and work experience, making it hard for them to find work or acquire social aid. Seguro Popular’s new program does not require migrants to show any sort of identification, proof of work, or residency, nor pay any charges for the health care services.

Given the dislocation of deported migrants who are sent back to Mexico and often times left in a foreign city or state, Mirna Rincón, the general director of the Health Department (Secretaría de Salud) in Tijuana, said that “the intention [of the program] is to support [migrants] while they decide if they will stay in the region or return to their hometown.” As part of the health program, a number of deported immigrants received vaccines against the measles on Monday, following reports that the infection had appeared in San Diego, California, which is just across the border from Tijuana, Baja California.

As part of its outreach, Seguro Popular representatives visit Mexico’s National Institute for Migration (Instituto Nacional de Migración) on a weekly basis to promote their programs, which will now include the access to free medical care, and assist individuals with signing up. Last year, Seguro Popular registered 2,500 Mexicans in one day alone in Tijuana, Baja California at an event promoting the program and its policies.


“Encabeza Mirna Rincón entrega de 2,500 pólizas” El Sol de Tijuana. August 14, 2010.

Durán, Laura. “Darán pólizas de Seguro Popular a migrantes repatriados” Frontera. July 25, 2011.

“Migrantes se vacunan” XHAS News. July 25, 2011.

Sánchez, Ana. “Apoya Seguro Popular a migrantes repatriados” El Sol de Tijuana. July 26, 2o11.

Seguro Popular. http://www.ssa-sin.gob.mx/SEGUROPOPULAR/antecedentes.htm.

New Statistical Method Implemented in Guanajuato Judicial System

07/26/11- The Department of Probability and Statistics Mathematics Research Center (Departamento de Probabilidad y Estadística del Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas, CIMAT) unveiled a new statistical method to be used in the Guanajuato judicial system. Miguel Nakamura Savoy, coordinator of CIMAT’s Department of Probability and Statistics (Departamento de Probabilidad y Estadística), explained how the new mathematical simulation method uses a probability model that will ensure better administration and enforcement in the state’s judicial branch, including the strategic use of courts and judges, the estimation of trial length, and the anticipation of potential time-wasting problems in court cases. The use of the method will provide a better service to society by maximizing public resources, said Nakamura Savoy.

Hinting at widespread use, Nakamura Savoy called the implementation of the new mathematical model a way to deliver justice more efficiently throughout Mexico, however, the program will first be piloted in Guanajuato. CIMAT, a mathematical think-tank and academic institution dedicated to research, is located in Guanajuato and often partners with the local government on research projects. Nakamura Savoy said the research model maps the trial process in four stages, from investigation to the intermediate phase to oral trials and finally to sentencing. Judicial authorities in Guanajuato will use the system to help make decisions in meeting demands in the oral trial stage of the local courts.


“Usarán en Guanajuato método matemático inédito en juicios orales.” SDP Noticias. June 29, 2011.

“Administración de justicia.” La Crónica de Hoy. July 2, 2011.

Centro de Investigacón en Matemáticas. http://www.cimat.mx/